Discovery proteomics in aging human skeletal muscle finds change in spliceosome, immunity, proteostasis and mitochondria

Elife. 2019 Oct 23;8:e49874. doi: 10.7554/eLife.49874.

Abstract

A decline of skeletal muscle strength with aging is a primary cause of mobility loss and frailty in older persons, but the molecular mechanisms of such decline are not understood. Here, we performed quantitative proteomic analysis from skeletal muscle collected from 58 healthy persons aged 20 to 87 years. In muscle from older persons, ribosomal proteins and proteins related to energetic metabolism, including those related to the TCA cycle, mitochondria respiration, and glycolysis, were underrepresented, while proteins implicated in innate and adaptive immunity, proteostasis, and alternative splicing were overrepresented. Consistent with reports in animal models, older human muscle was characterized by deranged energetic metabolism, a pro-inflammatory environment and increased proteolysis. Changes in alternative splicing with aging were confirmed by RNA-seq analysis. We propose that changes in the splicing machinery enables muscle cells to respond to a rise in damage with aging.

Keywords: aging; epidemiology; global health; human; human biology; medicine; mitochondria; proteomics; proteostasis; skeletal muscle; spliceosome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitochondria / pathology*
  • Muscle Cells
  • Muscle, Skeletal / immunology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology*
  • Proteome / analysis*
  • Proteomics
  • Proteostasis*
  • Spliceosomes / metabolism*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Proteome

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE129643