Laryngeal Mask Airway Supreme vs. the Spritztube tracheal cannula in anaesthetised adult patients: A randomised controlled trial

Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2019 Dec;36(12):955-962. doi: 10.1097/EJA.0000000000001106.


Background: The Spritztube is a new supraglottic airway device combining the ability to allow extraglottic ventilation of the lungs with the opportunity to perform fibreoptic-assisted intubation.

Objectives: To compare the Spritztube tracheal cannula with the Laryngeal Mask Airway Supreme (LMA-S) in anaesthetised adult patients.

Design: A single-centre, randomised controlled study.

Setting: Tertiary hospital.

Patients: Mechanically ventilated patients undergoing elective surgery in the supine position under general anaesthesia were included. Main exclusion criteria were a history of, or predicted, difficult airway management according to SIAARTI guidelines and absence of written informed consent.

Interventions: Patients received the LMA-S or Spritztube tracheal cannula to facilitate ventilation of the lungs.

Main outcome measures: Successful placement (primary outcome), time required for insertion, number of attempts, subjective assessment of ease of insertion, safety and incidence of complications were recorded.

Results: One hundred and sixty seven patients were allocated to the LMA-S or Spritztube group, respectively, a total of 334 patients. In the LMA-S group, the device insertion failed in nine patients, compared with none in the Spritztube group (P = 0.002). Spritztube insertion was easy in 100% of cases compared with 94.6% of the cases in the LMA-S group (P = 0.03). The number of attempts was significantly higher with the LMA-S compared with the Spritztube (P = 0.0007), whereas the insertion times were comparable (P = 0.06). Except for the incidence of blood-staining, which was higher in the LMA-S group (P = 0.01), the number of complications was comparable in the two groups.

Conclusion: The Spritztube was as effective as the LMA-S in maintaining the airway with all patients being successfully ventilated without difficulty. The success rate of achieving a patent airway was comparable between the groups, with a similar occurrence of complications.

Trial registration: NCT03443219.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cannula / adverse effects*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Fiber Optic Technology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / adverse effects*
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / instrumentation
  • Laryngeal Masks / adverse effects*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tertiary Care Centers
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data