Healthy lifestyle moderates the relationship between cardiovascular disease with blood pressure, body composition, carotid intima-media thickness, and glycated hemoglobin among adults

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 May;45(5):539-546. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2019-0515. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

Abstract

We investigate whether the adherence to healthy lifestyle recommendations (regular physical activity, healthy diet, reduced alcohol consumption, nonsmoking) moderates the relationship between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors (obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension) with clinical variables among adults. This cross-sectional population-based study comprised 862 adults (39.3 ± 11.4 years, 46.4% men) from Florianópolis, Brazil. Clinical variables were systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat, muscular strength, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), high sensitive C-reactive protein, and lipid and glucose metabolism markers. Multiple linear regression adjusted for confounding factors was used. Reduced IMT and HbA1c were observed in males with CVD or its risk factors who adopted healthy lifestyle recommendations (p < 0.001), and lower SBP levels were observed in females without CVD or its risk factors (p = 0.034). Females with CVD or its risk factors who followed healthy lifestyle recommendations showed higher BMI (p = 0.035). Adherence to number of healthy lifestyle recommendations moderated cardiovascular health in adults with CVD and without CVD. Novelty The adherence to healthy lifestyle recommendations moderated the relationship between IMT and HbA1c with CVD or its risk factors among males. The lower values of SBP among females without CVD or its risk factors were moderated by the adherence to healthy lifestyle recommendations.

Keywords: C-reactive protein; alcohol drinking; carotid intima-media thickness; consommation d’alcool; diet; exercice physique; exercise; force musculaire; muscle strength; protéine C-réactive; régime alimentaire; smoking; tabagisme; épaisseur de l’intima-média carotidien.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Body Composition*
  • Carotid Intima-Media Thickness*
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A*
  • Healthy Lifestyle*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged

Substances

  • Glycated Hemoglobin A