Reduction of thoraco-lumbar junctional kyphosis, posterior sagittal balance, and increase of lumbar lordosis and sacral inclination by Chiropractic BioPhysics® methods in an adolescent with back pain: a case report

J Phys Ther Sci. 2019 Oct;31(10):839-843. doi: 10.1589/jpts.31.839. Epub 2019 Oct 19.


[Purpose] To present the structural improvement of an excessive junctional thoracolumbar kyphosis and related biomechanical parameters in an adolescent. [Participant and Methods] A 16 year old female presented with chronic back pains. Radiographic assessment revealed excessive posterior sagittal balance and thoracolumbar kyphosis and reduced lumbar lordosis and sacral inclination. Chiropractic BioPhysics® technique including mirror image®, anterior thoracic translation and thoracolumbar hyperextension traction was performed as well as spinal manipulation and postural exercises over an 8-week period. [Results] After 24 in-office treatments and a daily home program the patient reported a minimization of back pains and a better mood. Follow-up X-rays demonstrated a 48 mm reduction of posterior sagittal balance, a 22° reduction of thoracolumbar kyphosis, an 11° increase in lumbar lordosis, and a 10° increase in sacral inclination. [Conclusion] This is the first case documenting the non-surgical reduction of excessive thoracolumbar junctional kyphosis and related biomechanical parameters in an adolescent. Precise analysis of radiologic assessment for adolescents presenting with back pains is advised and are safe for the screening of postural disorders. There is a growing evidence base for the Chiropractic BioPhysics® technique approach in the correction of lumbar spine disorders; more research is encouraged to further evaluate this unique treatment.

Keywords: Junctional kyphosis; Low back pain; Thoracolumbar spine.

Publication types

  • Case Reports