Purpose: To evaluate patients, diagnosed with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, according to patient specific parameters including hemoglobin level, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), body mass index (BMI) and cigarette smoking and to identify if any of these parameters matters in terms of recurrence prediction.
Methods: 231 patients who have undergone transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB) between January 2015 and January 2018 and diagnosed with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) were included. Patient demographic characteristics including age, sex, BMI and cigarette smoking were assessed. Hemoglobin, creatinine and eGFR values were recorded. Follow-up was performed according to the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines' recommendations. Recurrence and progression during follow-up were recorded.
Results: 231 patients were included in the study. Median patient BMI, Hb levels, and eGFR values were 26.51 kg/m2 (IQR 5.48), 14,2 g/dL (IQR 2.50), and 83.25 ml/min/1.73m2 (IQR 27.83), respectively. Among all patients, 105 (45%) were ex-smokers and 78 (33%) were current smokers, 41 had anemia (17.7%), 37 (16%) patients were obese; 104 (45%) had mildly impaired renal function and 34 (14.7%) had impaired renal function. During follow-up, 67 (29%) patients had disease recurrence and 21 (9.1%) had disease progression (9.1%). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed significant relationship between recurrence and obesity, impaired renal function and cigarette smoking.
Conclusions: Recurrence is a commonly encountered unfortunate consequence of NMIBC, and obesity, renal failure, history of smoking and anemia seem to increase the rate of recurrence among bladder cancer patients.