Objective: Early-phase data have demonstrated induction of antibody responses to a polyvalent vaccine conjugate (Globo-H, GM2, MUC1-TN, TF) with adjuvant OPT-821. We sought to determine if this combination decreases the hazard of progression or death compared to OPT-821 alone in patients with ovarian cancer in second/third clinical complete remission following chemotherapy. Secondary and translational objectives were overall survival (OS), safety, and immunogenicity.
Methods: From 2010-2013, patients were randomized (1:1) to receive OPT-821±vaccine-KLH conjugate subcutaneously at weeks 1, 2, 3, 7, 11, and then every 12 weeks (total 11). Dose delay or reduction was not permitted. Patients were removed for pre-defined dose-limiting toxicity.
Results: Of 171 patients randomized, 170 were treated. Most had disease of serous histology (85%), stage 3 disease at diagnosis (77%), and had received 2 prior regimens (68%). 32% received >6 treatment cycles [median 6, each arm (p = 0.33)]. 77% discontinued due to progression, 4% due to toxicity, and 1 due to myeloid dysplastic syndrome (MDS). Maximum toxicities included grade 4 MDS and depression/personality change (1 each, unlikely related), as well as grade 3 gastrointestinal disorders and others (n = 21, 4 related). Lesser adverse events were injection site reactions (82%) and fever (11%). Estimated HR for progression-free survival (PFS) of the vaccine + OPT-821 to OPT-821 arm was 0.98 (95% CI: 0.71-1.36). At a median follow-up of 60 months, median OS was 47 and 46 months, respectively.
Conclusions: Vaccine + OPT-821 compared to OPT-821 alone was modestly immunogenic and did not prolong PFS or OS. Multi-remission patients are a viable, well-defined population for exploring innovative consolidation and maintenance approaches.
Trial registration: NCT00857545.
Keywords: OPT-821; Ovarian; Randomized; Remission; Vaccine.
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