The whole-genome sequence analysis of Morchella sextelata

Sci Rep. 2019 Oct 25;9(1):15376. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-51831-4.


Morchella are macrofungi and are also called morels, as they exhibit a morel-like upper cap structure. Morels contain abundant essential amino acids, vitamins and biologically active compounds, which provide substantial health benefits. Approximately 80 species of Morchella have been reported, and even more species have been isolated. However, the lack of wild Morchella resources and the difficulties associated with culturing Morchella have caused a shortage in the morels available for daily consumption. Additionally, in-depth genomic and morphological studies are still needed. In this study, to provide genomic data for further investigations of culturing techniques and the biological functions of Morchella sextelata (M. sextelata), de novo genome sequencing was carried out on the Illumina HiSeq. 4000 platform using both the Illumina 150 and PacBio systems. The final estimated genome size of M. sextelata was 52.93 Mb, containing 59 contigs and a GC content of 47.37%. A total of 9,550 protein-coding genes were annotated. In addition, the repeat sequences, gene components and gene functions were analyzed using various databases. Furthermore, the secondary metabolite gene clusters and the predicted structures of their products were analyzed. Finally, a genomic comparison of different species of Morchella was performed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ascomycota / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Contig Mapping
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / isolation & purification
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Genome, Fungal*
  • Genomics
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Multigene Family
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics
  • Secondary Metabolism / genetics
  • Whole Genome Sequencing*


  • DNA, Fungal