Novel highly potent OXE receptor antagonists with prolonged plasma lifetimes that are converted to active metabolites in vivo in monkeys

Br J Pharmacol. 2020 Jan;177(2):388-401. doi: 10.1111/bph.14874. Epub 2020 Jan 17.


Background and purpose: The 5-lipoxygenase product 5-oxo-6E,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE), acting through the OXE receptor, is a potent eosinophil chemoattractant that may be an important proinflammatory mediator in eosinophilic diseases such as asthma. We previously identified a series of indole-based OXE receptor antagonists that rapidly appear in the blood following oral administration but have limited lifetimes. The objective of this study was to increase the potency and plasma half-lives of these compounds and thereby identify the optimal candidate for future preclinical studies in monkeys, as rodents do not have an OXE receptor orthologue.

Experimental approach: We synthesized a series of substituted phenylalkyl indoles and compared their antagonist potencies, pharmacokinetics, and metabolism to those of our earlier compounds. The potencies of some of their metabolites were also investigated.

Key results: Among the compounds tested, the S-enantiomer of the m-chlorophenyl compound (S-Y048) was the most potent, with an pIC50 of about 10.8 for inhibition of 5-oxo-ETE-induced calcium mobilization in human neutrophils. When administered orally to cynomolgus monkeys, S-Y048 rapidly appeared in the blood and had a half-life in plasma of over 7 hr, considerably longer than any of the other OXE analogues tested. A major hydroxylated metabolite, with a potency close to that of its precursor, was identified in plasma.

Conclusion and implications: Because of its highly potent antagonist activity and its long lifetime in vivo, S-Y048 may be a useful anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of eosinophilic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activation, Metabolic
  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Anti-Allergic Agents / blood
  • Anti-Allergic Agents / chemical synthesis
  • Anti-Allergic Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / blood
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / chemical synthesis
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Female
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Hydroxylation
  • Indoles / blood
  • Indoles / chemical synthesis
  • Indoles / pharmacokinetics*
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Neutrophils / drug effects*
  • Neutrophils / metabolism
  • Receptors, Eicosanoid / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Receptors, Eicosanoid / metabolism
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Anti-Allergic Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Indoles
  • Receptors, Eicosanoid
  • Calcium