Effects of Securigera Securidaca seed extract in combination with glibenclamide on antioxidant capacity, fibroblast growth factor 21 and insulin resistance in hyperglycemic rats

J Ethnopharmacol. 2020 Feb 10;248:112331. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112331. Epub 2019 Oct 23.


Ethnopharmacological relevance: Undesired effects of synthetic antidiabetic agents have made researchers to seek for safer and healthier resources. With this aspect, herbal materials have attracted substantial research interest and are being extensively investigated. Considering that herb-drug interactions can be a double-edged sword presenting both risks and benefits, investigation of such interactions is greatly in demand.

Aim of the study: to investigate possible beneficial effects of hydroalcoholic extract of SecurigeraSecuridaca seed (HESS) on antioxidant capacity, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and insulin resistance in Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, alone and in combination with glibenclamide.

Materials and methods: Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided in to eight equal groups including healthy and diabetic controls and six treated groups with a various doses of HESS alone and in combination with glibenclamide, for 35 consecutive days. Serum samples were taken and analyzed for biochemical profile, HOMA indexes, FGF21, oxidative/nitrosative stress and inflammatory biomarkers as compared with the controls. Moreover, total phenolic and flavonoid contents of herbal extract were assessed.

Results: The herbal extract was found to be rich in flavonoid and phenolic components. Both of glibenclamide and the HESS decreased glucose and insulin resistance, as well as increased body weight and insulin sensitivity. Moreover, the extract could mitigate oxidative/nitrosative stress and inflammation dose-dependently, however, the standard drug was less effective than HESS. Induction of diabetes increased FGF21 levels and both of the treatments could reduce its contents, however, glibenclamide was more effective than HESS.

Conclusions: The results clearly show that there is no contradiction between HESS and glibenclamide. Moreover, the herbal extract could augment antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of the standard drug.

Keywords: Antioxidant; Diabetes; FGF21; Glibenclamide; Securigera Securidaca.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / isolation & purification
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / drug therapy*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Fabaceae* / chemistry
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / blood*
  • Glyburide / pharmacology*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / isolation & purification
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Insulin / blood
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Male
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Plant Extracts / isolation & purification
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Seeds* / chemistry
  • Streptozocin


  • Antioxidants
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Plant Extracts
  • fibroblast growth factor 21
  • Streptozocin
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • Glyburide