ER-phagy and human diseases

Cell Death Differ. 2020 Mar;27(3):833-842. doi: 10.1038/s41418-019-0444-0. Epub 2019 Oct 28.


Autophagy regulates the degradation of unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components. This catabolic process requires the formation of a double-membrane vesicle, the autophagosome, that engulfs the cytosolic material and delivers it to the lysosome. Substrate specificity is achieved by autophagy receptors, which are characterized by the presence of at least one LC3-interaction region (LIR) or GABARAP-interaction motif (GIM). Only recently, several receptors that mediate the specific degradation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) components via autophagy have been identified (the process known as ER-phagy or reticulophagy). Here, we give an update on the current knowledge about the role of ER-phagy receptors in health and disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autophagy*
  • Disease*
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / pathology*
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans