Biochemical composition and antioxidant activity of three extra virgin olive oils from the Irpinia Province, Southern Italy

Food Sci Nutr. 2019 Sep 6;7(10):3233-3243. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.1180. eCollection 2019 Oct.


Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), appraised for its healthy properties, represents an important element for the economy of several countries of the Mediterranean area, including Italy. Our study aimed to evaluate some biochemical characteristics (polyphenols and volatile compounds) as well as the antioxidant activity of three EVOOs obtained from the varieties Ravece, Ogliarola, and Ruvea antica, grown in the same field of an Irpinian village, Montella, in the Campania region, Southern Italy. Extra virgin olive oil Ruvea antica contained the greatest amount of total polyphenols and showed the highest antioxidant activity. Principal component analysis of the aromatic profiles indicated that the three EVOOs could be easily discriminated according to the cultivar. 1-Hexanol, 2-hexen-1-ol, 3-pentanone, representing the most abundant volatiles of the EVOO Ruvea antica, and 2-hexenal, which resulted the main component in EVOOs Ogliarola and Ravece, could be considered as markers to discriminate these three EVOOs, according to the ReliefF feature selection algorithm.

Keywords: antioxidant activity; extra virgin olive oil; polyphenols; statistical analysis; volatile compounds.