Increased pelvic mobility and altered hip muscles contraction patterns: two-year follow-up cam-FAIS corrective surgery

J Hip Preserv Surg. 2019 Jun 10;6(2):140-148. doi: 10.1093/jhps/hnz019. eCollection 2019 Jul.


Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) surgery can produce improvements in function and patient satisfaction; however, data on muscle assessment and kinematics of high mobility tasks of post-operative patients is limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate kinematics and muscle activity during a deep squat task, as well as muscle strength in a 2-year follow-up FAIS corrective surgery. Eleven cam morphology patients underwent motion and electromyography capture while performing a squat task prior and 2-years after osteochondroplasty and were BMI-, age- and sex-matched to 11 healthy control (CTRL) participants. Isometric muscle strength, flexibility and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were also evaluated. Post-operative FAIS was significantly weaker during hip flexion (23%) and hip flexion-with-abduction (25%) movements when compared with CTRL, no improvements in squat depth were observed. However, post-operative FAIS increased the pelvic range of motion during the squat descent (P = 0.016) and ascent (P = 0.047). They had greater peak activity for the semitendinosus and total muscle activity for the gluteus medius, but decreased peak activity for the glutei and rectus femoris during squat descent; greater total muscle activity for the tensor fascia latae was observed during squat ascent (P = 0.005). Although not improving squat depth, post-operative patients increased pelvic ROM and showed positive PROMs. The muscle weakness associated with hip flexion and flexion-with-abduction observed at the follow-up can be associated with the alterations in the muscle activity and neuromuscular patterns. Rehabilitation programs should focus on increasing pelvis and hip muscles flexibility and strength.