Antimicrobial Stewardship Review of Automated Candidemia Alerts Using the Epic Stewardship Module Improves Bundle-of-Care Adherence

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 Oct 11;6(10):ofz412. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz412. eCollection 2019 Oct.


Background: Antimicrobial stewardship interventions utilizing real-time alerting through the electronic medical record enable timely implementation of the bundle of care (BOC) for patients with severe infections, such as candidemia. Automated alerting for candidemia using the Epic stewardship module has been in place since July 2015 at our medical center. We sought to assess the impact of these alerts.

Methods: All adult inpatients with candidemia between April 1, 2011, and March 31, 2012 (pre-intervention), and June 30, 2016, and July 1, 2017 (post-intervention), were evaluated for BOC adherence. We also evaluated the impact on timeliness to initiate targeted therapy, length of stay (LOS), and 30-day mortality.

Results: Eighty-four patients were included, 42 in the pre- and 42 in the post-intervention group. Adherence to BOC was significantly improved, from 48% (pre-intervention) to 83% (post-intervention; P = .001). The median time to initiation of therapy was 4.8 hours vs 3.3 hours (P = .58), the median LOS was 24 and 18 days (P = .28), and 30-day mortality was 19% and 26% (P = .60) in the pre- and post-intervention groups, respectively.

Conclusions: Antimicrobial stewardship program review of automated alerts identifying patients with candidemia resulted in significantly improved BOC adherence and was associated with a 1.5-hour reduction in time to initiation of antifungal therapy. No significant change was observed with 30-day mortality or LOS.

Keywords: antimicrobial stewardship; candidemia; electronic medical record.