Moderate-to-strong expression of FGFR3 and TP53 alterations in a subpopulation of choroid plexus tumors

Histol Histopathol. 2020 Jul;35(7):673-680. doi: 10.14670/HH-18-180. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Abstract

Deregulation of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling is tightly associated with numerous human malignancies, including cancer. Indeed, FGFR inhibitors are being tested as anti-tumor drugs in clinical trials. Among gliomas, FGFR3 fusions occur in IDH wild-type diffuse gliomas leading to high FGFR3 protein expression and both, FGFR3 and FGFR1, show elevated expression in aggressive ependymomas. The aim of this study was to uncover the expression of FGFR1 and FGFR3 proteins in choroid plexus tumors and to further characterize FGFR-related as well as other genetic alterations in FGFR3 expressing tumors. Expression levels of FGFR1 and FGFR3 were detected in 15 choroid plexus tumor tissues using immunohistochemistry of tissue microarrays and 6 samples were subjected to whole mount FGFR3 staining. Targeted sequencing was used for deeper molecular analysis of two FGFR3 positive cases. Moderate expression of FGFR1 or FGFR3 was evidenced in one third of the studied choroid plexus tumors. Targeted sequencing of a choroid plexus carcinoma and an atypical choroid plexus papilloma, both with moderate-to-strong FGFR3 expression, revealed lack of protein-altering mutations or fusions in FGFR1 or FGFR3, but TP53 was altered in both tumors. FGFR3 and FGFR1 proteins are expressed in a subpopulation of choroid plexus tumors. Further studies using larger cohorts of patients will allow identification of the clinicopathological implications of FGFR1 and FGFR3 expression in choroid plexus tumors.

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism*
  • Choroid Plexus Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Choroid Plexus Neoplasms / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3 / biosynthesis*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis*

Substances

  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • TP53 protein, human
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • FGFR3 protein, human
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3

Grant support