A Novel Pathogenic Variant in the CABP2 Gene Causes Severe Nonsyndromic Hearing Loss in a Consanguineous Iranian Family

Audiol Neurootol. 2019;24(5):258-263. doi: 10.1159/000502251. Epub 2019 Oct 29.


Background and objectives: Hereditary hearing loss (HL) can originate from mutations in one of many genes involved in the complex process of hearing. CABP2 mutations have been reported to cause moderate HL. Here, we report the whole exome sequencing (WES) of a proband presenting with prelingual, severe HL in an Iranian family.

Methods: A comprehensive family history was obtained, and clinical evaluations and pedigree analysis were performed in the family with 2 affected members. After excluding mutations in the GJB2 gene and 7 other most common autosomal recessive nonsyndromic HL (ARNSHL) genes via Sanger sequencing and genetic linkage analysis in the family, WES was utilized to find the possible etiology of the disease.

Results: WES results showed a novel rare variant (c.311G>A) in the CABP2gene.This missense variant in the exon 4 of the CABP2gene meets the criteria of being pathogenic according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) interpretation guidelines.

Conclusions: Up to now, 3 mutations have been reported for the CABP2gene to cause moderate ARNSHL in different populations. Our results show that CABP2variantsalso cause severe ARNSHL, adding CABP2to the growing list of genes that exhibit phenotypic heterogeneity. Expanding our understanding of the mutational spectrum of HL genes is an important step in providing the correct clinical molecular interpretation and diagnosis for patients.

Keywords: American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guideline; Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss; CABP2; Genetic linkage analysis; Whole exome sequencing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Deafness / genetics*
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Haplotypes
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Male
  • Mutation, Missense*
  • Pedigree


  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Ca-binding protein 2

Supplementary concepts

  • Nonsyndromic Deafness