Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are frequently the most abundant immune cells in cancers and are associated with poor survival. Here, we generated TAM molecular signatures from K14cre;Cdh1flox/flox;Trp53flox/flox (KEP) and MMTV-NeuT (NeuT) transgenic mice that resemble human invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) and HER2+ tumors, respectively. Determination of TAM-specific signatures requires comparison with healthy mammary tissue macrophages to avoid overestimation of gene expression differences. TAMs from the two models feature a distinct transcriptomic profile, suggesting that the cancer subtype dictates their phenotype. The KEP-derived signature reliably correlates with poor overall survival in ILC but not in triple-negative breast cancer patients, indicating that translation of murine TAM signatures to patients is cancer subtype dependent. Collectively, we show that a transgenic mouse tumor model can yield a TAM signature relevant for human breast cancer outcome prognosis and provide a generalizable strategy for determining and applying immune cell signatures provided the murine model reflects the human disease.
Keywords: breast cancer; clinical outcome prediction; co-expression network analysis; human; innate immunity; invasive lobular carcinoma; mouse model; transcriptome; tumor-associated macrophage.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.