Background: There is an anticipated shortage of primary care providers trained to care for patients with HIV. The Yale School of Medicine developed and implemented a novel HIV training track within our Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency Program. A set of 12 Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) were developed to guide curriculum development and resident assessment.
Aim: To describe the process of implementing a novel EPA-based curriculum for the HIV Primary Care Training Track including EPA-based trainee evaluation tools.
Participants/settings: Two to three residents were enrolled annually from 2012 to 2017 (total n = 11). Training sites included the outpatient academic center HIV clinic and inpatient HIV ward.
Program description: An expert panel developed 12 HIV-specific EPAs. These were mapped to curricular and reporting internal medicine milestones. Curricular activities and evaluation tools were developed to guide EPA progress.
Program evaluation: Graduating residents were ready for unsupervised practice in 91% of EPAs at the end of the 3-year program.
Discussion: Development of HIV-specific training EPAs was effective for driving curricular development and resident evaluation, and served as an effective method to communicate expectations to resident participants. These HIV-specific EPAs could serve as a useful template to enhance HIV education in academic settings.
Keywords: EPA; HIV training; primary care training; residency training.