Can Extraprostatic Extension Be Predicted by Tumor-Capsule Contact Length in Prostate Cancer? Relationship With International Society of Urological Pathology Grade Groups

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020 Mar;214(3):588-596. doi: 10.2214/AJR.19.21828. Epub 2019 Oct 31.


OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the tumor-capsule contact length, defined as tumor contact length (TCL), and extraprostatic extension (EPE) using the MRI-based TCL measurements and the real TCL measurements from pathology and to determine whether the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group of the tumors influenced this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this retrospective study, we reviewed prostate multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) studies performed between 2012 and 2018 of 1576 patients and found that 134 patients also underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) after mpMRI. Finally, 86 patients with index lesions in contact with the prostate capsule in RP specimens were enrolled in the study. ROC analysis was used to evaluate the cutoff values of TCLs measured at pathology and TCLs measured on MRI in terms of EPE according to ISUP grade groups. RESULTS. There was no statistically significant cutoff value for pathology-based TCL measurements in individual ISUP grade groups and subgroups. Although not statistically significant, pathology-based TCL cutoff values decreased (from 21.0 to 11.0 mm) as ISUP grade group increased in terms of EPE positivity. When the relationship between MRI-based TCL measurements and EPE was considered, statistically significant cutoff values (range, 14.5-16.6 mm) could be determined in many groups and subgroups with low ISUP grades (sensitivity, 66.7-100%; specificity, 52.8-93.0%; p = 0.006-0.042). However, no statistically significant cutoff value was found for high ISUP grades. CONCLUSION. ISUP grade groups may have an effect on the TCL-EPE relationship. When the MRI-based TCL and EPE relationship is evaluated independent of ISUP grade group, a cutoff value around 15-16 mm may be usable to predict EPE.

Keywords: International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group; extraprostatic extension; prostate cancer; prostate multiparametric MRI; tumor-capsule contact length.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Contrast Media
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Image-Guided Biopsy
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Grading
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness / diagnostic imaging*
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology*
  • Prostatectomy
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Contrast Media