Core elements of national cancer control plans: a tool to support plan development and review

Lancet Oncol. 2019 Nov;20(11):e645-e652. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(19)30404-8.


When developed and implemented effectively, national cancer control plans (NCCPs) improve cancer outcomes at the population level. However, many countries do not have a high-quality, operational NCCP, contributing to disparate cancer outcomes globally. Until now, a standard reference of NCCP core elements has not been available to guide development and evaluation across diverse countries and contexts. In this Policy Review, we describe the methods, process, and outcome of an initiative to develop an itemised and evidence-based comprehensive checklist of core elements for NCCP formulation. The final list provides a ready-to-use guide to support NCCP development and to facilitate internal and external critical appraisal of existing NCCPs for countries of all income levels and settings. Governments, policy makers, and stakeholders can utilise this checklist, while considering their own unique contexts and priorities, from the drafting through to the implementation of NCCPs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Checklist
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / organization & administration*
  • Global Health* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Health Planning / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Health Planning / organization & administration*
  • Health Policy* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Humans
  • Medical Oncology / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Medical Oncology / organization & administration*
  • Models, Organizational
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms / mortality
  • Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Policy Making