Inflammatory Bowel Disease Presentation and Diagnosis

Surg Clin North Am. 2019 Dec;99(6):1051-1062. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2019.08.001. Epub 2019 Sep 11.


A full understanding of the presentation and work-up of inflammatory bowel disease is necessary to ensure appropriate treatment of this complex disease. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis share many common clinical features but are treated very differently. This article covers the factors which contribute to IBD pathogenesis and presentation as well as the methods of diagnosis and work-up to ensure that the appropriate diagnosis is reached. This article also serves as a basis of understanding for the more complex aspects of the disease to be discussed in subsequent articles.

Keywords: Endoscopy; Enterography; Environment; Genetics; Inflammatory bowel disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Colitis, Ulcerative / diagnostic imaging*
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / epidemiology
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / physiopathology*
  • Colonoscopy / methods
  • Crohn Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Crohn Disease / epidemiology
  • Crohn Disease / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / epidemiology
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index