Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of femtosecond (fs) laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) combined with accelerated corneal cross-linking (LASIK Xtra) compared to conventional fs-LASIK (convLASIK) in high myopic patients.
Design: Prospective, randomized, fellow-eye controlled clinical trial.
Methods: Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe University, Frankfurt/Germany. StudyPopulation: Twenty-six patients with high myopia and/or myopic astigmatism received randomized treatment with LASIK Xtra (30 mW/cm2, 90 seconds with continuous ultraviolet-A) in 1 eye and convLASIK in the other eye. MainOutcomeMeasures: Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), best spectacle-corrected VA (BSCVA), manifest refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE), endothelial cell count (ECC), and corneal thickness.
Results: The UDVA improved from 1.26 ± 0.13 logMAR preoperative to -0.02 ± 0.15logMAR in LASIK Xtra eyes and from 1.27 ± 0.12 logMAR to 0.01 ± 0.15 logMAR in the convLASIK eyes (P > .05). The MRSE changed from -7.35 ± 1.15 diopters (D) and -7.5 ± 1.12 D to -0.17 ± 0.43 D and -0.25 ± 0.46 D, respectively. There was no significant difference in outcomes between both groups during the 12 months follow-up except for the convLASIK eyes' showing slightly better BSCVA after 1 week (P < .05). ConvLASIK eyes revealed a nonsignificant trend toward myopic regression from 3 to 12 months postoperative with a change in MRSE of -0.15 D compared to -0.1 D in LASIK Xtra eyes. Topography showed stability of corneal curvature with no signs of keratectasia in both groups at 12 months.
Conclusion: While apparently safe, LASIK Xtra showed no advantages over conventional LASIK. At 12 months, both groups showed no difference regarding UDVA and refractive stability, and no signs of keratectasia.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.