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Review
. 2020 Jan;25(1):66-79.
doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2019.09.011. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Plant Phenylalanine/Tyrosine Ammonia-lyases

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Review

Plant Phenylalanine/Tyrosine Ammonia-lyases

Jaime Barros et al. Trends Plant Sci. .

Abstract

Aromatic amino acid deaminases are key enzymes mediating carbon flux from primary to secondary metabolism in plants. Recent studies have uncovered a tyrosine ammonia-lyase that contributes to the typical characteristics of grass cell walls and contributes to about 50% of the total lignin synthesized by the plant. Grasses are currently preferred bioenergy feedstocks and lignin is the most important limiting factor in the conversion of plant biomass to liquid biofuels, as well as being an abundant renewable carbon source that can be industrially exploited. Further research on the structure, evolution, regulation, and biological function of functionally distinct ammonia-lyases has multiple implications for improving the economics of the agri-food and biofuel industries.

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