ELM-the eukaryotic linear motif resource in 2020

Nucleic Acids Res. 2020 Jan 8;48(D1):D296-D306. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkz1030.


The eukaryotic linear motif (ELM) resource is a repository of manually curated experimentally validated short linear motifs (SLiMs). Since the initial release almost 20 years ago, ELM has become an indispensable resource for the molecular biology community for investigating functional regions in many proteins. In this update, we have added 21 novel motif classes, made major revisions to 12 motif classes and added >400 new instances mostly focused on DNA damage, the cytoskeleton, SH2-binding phosphotyrosine motifs and motif mimicry by pathogenic bacterial effector proteins. The current release of the ELM database contains 289 motif classes and 3523 individual protein motif instances manually curated from 3467 scientific publications. ELM is available at: http://elm.eu.org.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs*
  • Apicoplasts / metabolism
  • Cytoskeleton
  • DNA Damage
  • Databases, Protein
  • Eukaryota*
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • src Homology Domains


  • Phosphotyrosine