Characterizing Obesity Interventions and Treatment for Children and Youths During 1991-2018

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Oct 31;16(21):4227. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16214227.


Overweight and obesity have become a serious health problem globally due to its significant role in increased morbidity and mortality. The treatments for this health issue are various such as lifestyle modifications, pharmacological therapies, and surgery. However, little is known about the productivity, workflow, topics, and landscape research of all the papers mentioning the intervention and treatment for children with obesity. A total of 20,925 publications from the Web of Science database mentioning interventions and treatment in reducing the burden of childhood overweight and obesity on physical health, mental health, and society published in the period from 1991 to 2018 were in the analysis. We used Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) for identifying the topics and a dendrogram for research disciplines. We found that the number of papers related to multilevel interventions such as family-based, school-based, and community-based is increasing. The number of papers mentioning interventions aimed at children and adolescents with overweight or obesity is not high in poor-resource settings or countries compared to the growth in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among youth due to cultural concepts or nutrition transition. Therefore, there is a need for support from developed countries to control the rising rates of overweight and obesity.

Keywords: children; interventions; obesity; pediatrics; scientometrics; youths.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Pediatric Obesity / epidemiology
  • Pediatric Obesity / therapy*
  • Prevalence