SiGe Quantum Well Infrared Photodetectors on Strained-Silicon-On-Insulator

Opt Express. 2019 Oct 28;27(22):32009-32018. doi: 10.1364/OE.27.032009.

Abstract

We demonstrate p-type SiGe quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIPs) on a strained-silicon-on-insulator (sSOI) substrate. The sSOI system allows strain-balancing between the QWIP heterostructure with an average composition of Si0.7Ge0.3 and the substrate, and therefore lifts restrictions to the active material thickness faced by SiGe growth on silicon or silicon-on-insulator substrates. The realized sSOI QWIPs feature a responsivity peak at detection wavelengths around 6 µm, based on a transition between heavy-hole states. The fabricated devices have been thoroughly characterized and compared to equivalent material simultaneously grown on virtual Si0.7Ge0.3 substrates based on graded SiGe buffers. Responsivities of up to 3.6 mA/W are achieved by the sSOI QWIPs at 77 K, demonstrating the large potential of sSOI-based devices as components for a group-IV optoelectronic platform in the mid-infrared spectral region.