Management Strategies in the Intensive Care Unit to Improve Psychosocial Outcomes

Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2019 Dec;31(4):537-545. doi: 10.1016/j.cnc.2019.07.009. Epub 2019 Sep 21.


Critical care nurses work in challenging environments that are often sterile, impersonal, noisy, and frightening to patients and their families. Nurses act as liaisons between medical professionals and patients and their families in multiple specialty intensive care units. Critical care nursing practice, guided by the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics, respects patients' religious, spiritual, and cultural beliefs, contributing to holistic care delivery. Therapeutic psychosocial outcomes of holistic care delivery and patient advocacy are explored. Personalized psychosocial care through treating patients holistically will support and maintain positive psychosocial outcomes in intensive care units across the country.

Keywords: Communication; ICU delirium; ICU diaries; Intensive care; Patient and family needs; Post-ICU syndrome; Psychological distress; Technologies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Communication
  • Critical Care / psychology*
  • Critical Care Nursing*
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units / organization & administration*
  • Models, Nursing
  • Professional-Family Relations
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*