Vector population monitoring tools for insecticide resistance management: Myth or fact?

Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2019 Nov:161:54-60. doi: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2019.08.005. Epub 2019 Aug 27.


Insecticide resistance is a large and growing problem for the control of mosquito disease vectors. The World Health Organization (WHO) established the Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management (GPIRM) in 2012. In that context, both classical and molecular tools, as well as entomological databases and decision support platforms have been developed and used for IRM. Despite major advances in the molecular elucidation of resistance mechanisms and the development of diagnostic tools, their impact on disease control programs has been limited. In most cases diagnostic tools provide a retrospective examination of changes imposed by insecticides rather than a prospective analysis to guide vector control strategies. The uncertainty of the predictive value of markers, the assay robustness and the common misconceptions in resistance diagnosis terminology are continuing challenges in monitoring vector resistance. Furthermore, an often logistics, as opposed to systematic scientific evidence, based approach to decision for the use of the very few alternative chemicals in vector control, has reduced the value of resistance monitoring in practice. The current deployment of new insecticidal active ingredients should necessitate the application of companion diagnostics (CDx) and the development of modern ways for interpretation and management of the data by trained programme managers. This will establish their real value for use in decision-making, in line with evidence based choice of chemicals in agriculture and medical applications.

Keywords: Bednet; Dengue; Diagnostics; IRM; IRS; IVM; Malaria.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Database Management Systems
  • Insecticide Resistance*
  • Mosquito Control / methods*
  • Mosquito Vectors / drug effects*