MicroRNAs in Daphnia magna identified and characterized by deep sequencing, genome mapping and manual curation

Sci Rep. 2019 Nov 4;9(1):15945. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-52387-z.


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in most organisms. The water flea, Daphnia magna is a key model to study phenotypic, physiological and genomic responses to environmental cues and miRNAs can potentially mediate these responses. By using deep sequencing, genome mapping and manual curations, we have characterised the miRNAome of D. magna. We identified 66 conserved miRNAs and 13 novel miRNAs; all of these were found in the three studied life stages of D. magna (juveniles, subadults, adults), but with variation in expression levels between stages. Forty-one of the miRNAs were clustered into 13 genome clusters also present in the D. pulex genome. Most miRNAs contained sequence variants (isomiRs). The highest expressed isomiRs were 3' template variants with one nucleotide deletion or 3' non-template variants with addition of A or U at the 3' end. We also identified offset RNAs (moRs) and loop RNAs (loRs). Our work extends the base for further work on all species (miRNA, isomiRs, moRNAs, loRNAs) of the miRNAome of Daphnia as biomarkers in response to chemical substances and environment cues, and underline age dependency.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Computational Biology / methods
  • Daphnia / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genome*
  • Genomics* / methods
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing*
  • MicroRNAs / chemistry
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Transcriptome


  • MicroRNAs