Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 1988 Apr;102(4):793-803.

The Preimplantation Pig Embryo: Cell Number and Allocation to Trophectoderm and Inner Cell Mass of the Blastocyst in Vivo and in Vitro

Affiliations
  • PMID: 3168789
Free article

The Preimplantation Pig Embryo: Cell Number and Allocation to Trophectoderm and Inner Cell Mass of the Blastocyst in Vivo and in Vitro

V E Papaioannou et al. Development. .
Free article

Abstract

Total cell number as well as differential cell numbers representing the inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm were determined by a differential staining technique for preimplantation pig embryos recovered between 5 and 8 days after the onset of oestrus. Total cell number increased rapidly over this time span and significant effects were found between embryos of the same chronological age from different females. Inner cells could be detected in some but not all embryos of 12-16 cells. The proportion of inner cells was low in morulae but increased during differentiation of ICM and trophectoderm in early blastocysts. The proportion of ICM cells then decreased as blastocysts expanded and hatched. Some embryos were cultured in vitro and others were transferred to the oviducts of immature mice as a surrogate in vivo environment and assessed for morphology and cell number after several days. Although total cell number did not reach in vivo levels, morphological development and cell number increase was sustained better in the immature mice than in vitro. The proportion of ICM cells in blastocysts formed in vitro was in the normal range.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 15 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback