Enzyme annotation in UniProtKB using Rhea

Bioinformatics. 2020 Mar 1;36(6):1896-1901. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btz817.


Motivation: To provide high quality computationally tractable enzyme annotation in UniProtKB using Rhea, a comprehensive expert-curated knowledgebase of biochemical reactions which describes reaction participants using the ChEBI (Chemical Entities of Biological Interest) ontology.

Results: We replaced existing textual descriptions of biochemical reactions in UniProtKB with their equivalents from Rhea, which is now the standard for annotation of enzymatic reactions in UniProtKB. We developed improved search and query facilities for the UniProt website, REST API and SPARQL endpoint that leverage the chemical structure data, nomenclature and classification that Rhea and ChEBI provide.

Availability and implementation: UniProtKB at https://www.uniprot.org; UniProt REST API at https://www.uniprot.org/help/api; UniProt SPARQL endpoint at https://sparql.uniprot.org/; Rhea at https://www.rhea-db.org.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Databases, Protein
  • Knowledge Bases
  • Rheiformes*