Activity Level Maintenance at Midterm Follow-up Among Active Patients Undergoing Periacetabular Osteotomy

Am J Sports Med. 2019 Dec;47(14):3455-3459. doi: 10.1177/0363546519881421. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Abstract

Background: For active patients undergoing periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), returning to and maintaining a high level of activity postoperatively is a priority.

Purpose: To evaluate the maintenance of activity levels at midterm follow-up in active patients treated with PAO for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia.

Study design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: Patients who underwent PAO for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia between June 2006 and August 2013 were identified by a retrospective review of our prospective longitudinal institutional Hip Preservation Database. All patients with a preoperative University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) score of ≥7 and a potential minimum 5 years of follow-up were included in the study. Functional outcome measures were the UCLA score, modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). The maintenance of high activity levels was defined as a UCLA score of ≥7 at final follow-up. Radiographic parameters were measured. Statistical significance was defined as a P value <.05.

Results: A total of 66 hips (58 patients) were included. The mean age was 25.3 years (range, 14-47 years), the mean body mass index was 23.9 kg/m2 (range, 19-32 kg/m2), and 72% were female. The mean follow-up was 6.8 years (range, 5-11 years). There were 67% of patients who maintained a UCLA score of ≥7. Patient-reported outcomes improved postoperatively from preoperatively for the mHHS (88 ± 14 vs 67 ± 17, respectively; P < .001) and WOMAC (89 ± 15 vs 73 ± 20, respectively; P < .001). The lateral center-edge angle, anterior center-edge angle, and acetabular inclination were significantly improved at final follow-up (P < .001). Only 4 patients (7%) cited postoperative activity limitations as being caused by hip pain. There were no conversions to total hip arthroplasty.

Conclusion: The majority (67%) of active patients returned to preoperative or higher activity levels after PAO at midterm follow-up.

Keywords: active patients; hip dysplasia; hip preservation; periacetabular osteotomy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / surgery
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hip Dislocation / rehabilitation*
  • Hip Dislocation / surgery
  • Humans
  • Los Angeles
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteotomy / rehabilitation*
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Postoperative Period
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult