Background: Appropriate technology tests are needed for Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug-susceptibility testing (DST) in resource-constrained settings. This study was performed to evaluate the MDR/XDR-TB Colour Test (a colour platethin-layer agar test; TB-CX) for M. tuberculosis DST by directly testing sputum at University of Gondar Hospital.
Methods: Sputum samples were each divided into two aliquots. One aliquot was mixed with disinfectant and applied directly to the TB-CX quadrant petri-plate containing culture medium with and without isoniazid, rifampicin, or ciprofloxacin. Concurrently, the other aliquot was decontaminated with sodium hydroxide, centrifuged, and cultured on Lӧwenstein-Jensen medium; the stored M. tuberculosis isolates were then sub-cultured in BACTEC Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) 960 for reference DST.
Results: The TB-CX test yielded DST results for 94% (123/131) of positive samples. For paired DST results, the median number of days from sputum processing to DST was 12 for TB-CX versus 35 for LJ-MGIT (p<0.001). Compared with LJ-MGIT for isoniazid, rifampicin, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, TB-CX had 59%, 96%, and 95% sensitivity; 96%, 94%, and 98% specificity; and 85%, 94%, and 98% agreement, respectively. All ciprofloxacin DST results were susceptible by both methods.
Conclusion: The TB-CX test was simple and rapid for M. tuberculosis DST. Discordant DST results may have resulted from sub-optimal storage and different isoniazid concentrations used in TB-CX versus the reference standard test.
Keywords: Drug susceptibility testing; Drug-resistant; MDR/XDR-TB Colour Test; Thin-layer agar; Tuberculosis.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.