Purpose: Despite the need for pediatricians to diagnose and manage adolescent depression, few pediatric residency curricula exist. This study evaluated the impact of an adolescent depression curriculum on pediatric residents' knowledge and confidence to manage depression.
Methods: A novel, case-based, adolescent depression curriculum simulating patient-provider continuity was developed and implemented within an adolescent medicine (AM) rotation. The curriculum addressed seven domains critical for diagnosis and management of adolescent depression. Participants were recruited from the pediatric residency at one institution. A survey assessed residents' demographics, prior training, and self-assessed knowledge and confidence within each domain using a retrospective pre-post evaluation. Wilcoxon signed-rank test evaluated changes in knowledge and confidence.
Results: Forty-two of a total 51 residents (82%) completed the curriculum and survey during their AM rotation. Residents reported that within their continuity clinic, 45% (n = 19) had never initiated medication for depression, and 60% (n = 25) did not manage their adolescent patients' depression medications. Comparisons before and after participation in the curriculum, using the retrospective pre-post survey, demonstrated increased self-assessed knowledge (p < .001, for each domain) and confidence (p < .001, for each domain).
Conclusions: In this study, few residents reported experience initiating medication or managing adolescent depression in the continuity clinic. Residents demonstrated increased self-assessed knowledge and confidence to diagnose and manage adolescent depression after participation in a case-based adolescent depression curriculum simulating patient-provider continuity. Incorporation of training on management of adolescent depression into AM rotation may be a feasible option to standardize training within pediatric residency.
Keywords: Adolescent health; Adolescent medicine rotation; Depression; Medical education; Primary care pediatrics; Resident; Self-assessment.
Published by Elsevier Inc.
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