Photobacterium salinisoli sp. nov., isolated from a sulfonylurea herbicide-degrading consortium enriched with saline soil

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2019 Dec;69(12):3910-3916. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.003705.


A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain LAM9072T, was isolated from a sample of a sulfonylurea herbicide-degrading consortium enriched with saline soil. The optimal temperature and pH for the growth of strain LAM9072T were 35 °C and 7.0, respectively. Strain LAM9072T could grow in the presence of NaCl up to 9 % (w/v). Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain LAM9072T was closely related to members of the family Vibrionaceae, with the highest similarities to Photobacterium halotolerans MACL01T (97.7 %) and Photobacterium galatheae S2753T (97.7 %). Strain LAM9072T formed a distinct phylogenetic subclade within the genus Photobacterium in the 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic trees. The results of multi-locus sequence analysis revealed a distinct lineage with P. halotolerans MACL01T as its closest relative. The genomic G+C content was 50.2 mol%. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain LAM9072T and P. halotolerans LMG 22194T and P. galatheae LMG 28894T were 41.6 and 22.2 %, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values were 90.9 and 78.8 %, respectively, by comparing the draft genome sequences of strain LAM9072T and P. halotolerans LMG 22194T and P. galatheae LMG 28894T. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). Ubiquinone 8 was detected as the predominant respiratory quinone. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids. Based on its phenotypic characteristics and the results of genotypic analyses, we propose that strain LAM9072T represents a novel species, for which the name Photobacteriumsalinisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LAM9072T (=ACCC 19961T=JCM 30852T).

Keywords: 16S rRNA gene; Photobacterium; polyphasic taxonomy; saline soil.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • China
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Herbicides / metabolism*
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Photobacterium / classification*
  • Photobacterium / isolation & purification
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Soil Microbiology*
  • Sulfonylurea Compounds / metabolism*
  • Ubiquinone / chemistry


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • Herbicides
  • Phospholipids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Sulfonylurea Compounds
  • Ubiquinone
  • ubiquinone 8