Aim: To define trajectories of perceived health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and identify factors associated with trajectories.
Methods: Data on HRQoL among 9566 survivors of AMI were collected from 77 National Health Service hospitals in England between 1 November 2011 and 24 June 2015. Longitudinal HRQoL was collected using the EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire measured at hospitalisation, 1, 6 and 12 months post-AMI. Trajectories of perceived HRQoL post-MI were determined using multilevel regression analysis and latent class growth analysis (LCGA).
Results: One or more percieved health problems in mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression was reported by 69.1% (6607/9566) at hospitalisation and 59.7% (3011/5047) at 12 months. Reduced HRQoL was associated with women (-4.07, 95% CI -4.88 to -3.25), diabetes (-2.87, 95% CI -3.87 to -1.88), previous AMI (-1.60, 95% CI -2.72 to -0.48), previous angina (-1.72, 95% CI -2.77 to -0.67), chronic renal failure (-2.96, 95% CI -5.08 to -0.84; -3.10, 95% CI -5.72 to -0.49), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (-3.89, 95% CI -5.07 to -2.72) and cerebrovascular disease (-2.60, 95% CI -4.24 to -0.96). LCGA identified three subgroups of HRQoL which we labelled: improvers (68.1%), non-improvers (22.1%) and dis-improvers (9.8%). Non-improvers and dis-improvers were more likely to be women, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and have long-term health conditions, compared with improvers.
Conclusions: Quality of life improves for the majority of survivors of AMI but is significantly worse and more likely to decline for women, NSTEMI and those with long-term health conditions. Assessing HRQoL both in hospital and postdischarge may be important in determining which patients could benefit from tailored interventions.
Keywords: EQ-5D; Growth modelling; Health-related quality-of-life; Outcomes research; myocardial infarction.
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