Arthroscopic Controlled Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Fixation of Posterolateral Tibia Plateau Impression Fractures

Arthrosc Tech. 2019 Jul 19;8(8):e867-e874. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2019.04.001. eCollection 2019 Aug.

Abstract

Posterolateral impression fractures of the tibial plateau are common, and open reduction and fixation can be demanding, including exposure of the peroneal nerve. Based on a patient example, the surgical technique of an arthroscopic controlled closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation of a posterolateral tibia plateau impressed fracture is described. A patient sustained a posterolateral impression currently described as an "apple bite" fracture of the tibial plateau. The surgical technique includes standard arthroscopic portals and posteromedial and (transseptal) posterolateral portals. The posterolateral tibial plateau is visualized by incision of popliteomeniscal fibers, retraction of the popliteus tendon, and exposure of the posterolateral plateau. The impression area is marked with a K-wire using an anterior cruciate ligament target device. A cannulated ram is placed over the K-wire. The fracture is lifted under arthroscopic guidance and can be supported with allograft bone chips. To stabilize the reduction, 3 K-wires are positioned from anterior to posterior, and 3 cannulated screws are inserted directly under the joint surface to support the fractured area. In comparison with open surgical techniques, this procedure is exclusively performed under arthroscopic control and enables an anatomic reduction and fixation of the posterolateral tibial plateau.