Aim: CYP3A5 plays a vital role in the drug metabolism, it displays varied expression levels among individuals and is easily influenced by genetic polymorphisms and some diseases. Methodology & results: A dual function probe isobutyryl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (IKBA) was developed; it possessed a high selectivity toward CYP3A5 and CYP3A enzymes for its two individual metabolites, respectively. The probe has the high accuracy and wide applicability in measuring the real activity of CYP3A5. Finally, IKBA was successfully used for the evaluation of the activity of CYP3A5 and CYP3A enzymes in various bio samples. Conclusion: IKBA could serve as a useful tool for exploring the physiology and pathology functions of CYP3A5 and give some useful guidance for the rational use of clinical drugs.
Keywords: 3-isobutyryl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; CYP3A5; dual functional probe; high selectivity.