Andean Prumnopitys Andina (Podocarpacae) Fruit Extracts: Characterization of Secondary Metabolites and Potential Cytoprotective Effect

Molecules. 2019 Nov 7;24(22):4028. doi: 10.3390/molecules24224028.


The fruits from the Chilean Podocarpaceae Prumnopitys andina have been consumed since pre-Hispanic times. Little is known about the composition and biological properties of this fruit. The aim of this work was to identify the secondary metabolites of the edible part of P. andina fruits and to assess their antioxidant activity by means of chemical and cell-based assays. Methanol extracts from P. andina fruits were fractionated on a XAD7 resin and the main compounds were isolated by chromatographic means. Antioxidant activity was determined by means of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH), ferric reducing power (FRAP), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assays. The cytoprotective activity of the extract against oxidative and dicarbonyl stress was evaluated in human gastric epithelial cells (AGS). The total intracellular antioxidant activity (TAA) of the extract was determined in AGS cells. The inhibition of meat lipoperoxidation was evaluated under simulated gastric digestion conditions. Rutin, caffeic acid β-glucoside and 20-hydroxyecdysone were identified as major components of the fruit extract. Additional compounds were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography diode-array detector mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MSn) and/or co-injection with standards. Extracts showed dose-dependent cytoprotective effects against oxidative and dicarbonyl-induced damage in AGS cells. The TAA increased with the pre-incubation of AGS cells with the extract. This is the first report on the composition and biological activity of this Andean fruit.

Keywords: 20-hydroxyecdysone; Prumnopitys andina; cell-based assays; counter-current chromatography; high-performance liquid chromatography; thiobarbituric acid reactive species.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cytoprotection / drug effects*
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Free Radical Scavengers* / chemistry
  • Free Radical Scavengers* / pharmacokinetics
  • Free Radical Scavengers* / pharmacology
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Gastric Mucosa / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Pinales / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts* / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts* / pharmacokinetics
  • Plant Extracts* / pharmacology


  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Plant Extracts