Metabolic products of microorganisms. 249. Tetracenomycins B3 and D3, key intermediates of the elloramycin and tetracenomycin C biosynthesis

J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1988 Aug;41(8):1066-73. doi: 10.7164/antibiotics.41.1066.


Tetracenomycins B3 and D3, besides tetracenomycin D (D1), were produced by a blocked mutant of the elloramycin producer Streptomyces olivaceus TU 2353. The compounds were isolated as red powders, and their structures were elucidated by comparing their physicochemical data with those of the known tetracenomycins A2, B1, B2, D and E. Tetracenomycin B3 (2), the main compound, and tetracenomycin D (3) were antibiotically inactive against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, whereas tetracenomycin D3 (1) showed a moderate activity against Bacillus subtilis and Arthrobacter aurescens. Tetracenomycin B3 (2) is the key intermediate where the biosynthesis of the elloramycins branches off from the line leading to tetracenomycin C (5) as the final product of the tetracenomycin biosynthesis branch.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anthraquinones / biosynthesis
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Mutation
  • Naphthacenes / biosynthesis
  • Naphthacenes / isolation & purification
  • Streptomyces / genetics
  • Streptomyces / metabolism*


  • Anthraquinones
  • Naphthacenes
  • tetracenomycin D3
  • tetracenomycin B3
  • tetracenomycin C
  • elloramycin