Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This review examines the impact of cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) on clinical practice. To date, all CVOTs have shown non-inferiority versus placebo (both added to standard of care) against a primary endpoint of 3- or 4-point major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), confirming CV safety of these treatments. Additionally, some CVOTs have shown superiority to placebo against the same MACE endpoint, suggesting a cardioprotective action for these treatments. This is reflected in guideline updates, which primary care physicians should consider when personalizing treatments.
Keywords: Antihyperglycemic; Cardiovascular outcome trials; Cardiovascular risk; Type 2 diabetes.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.