Peptidase-resistant, lanthionine-stabilized angiotensin-(1-7), termed cAng-(1-7), has shown therapeutic efficacy in animal models of cardiovascular, metabolic, kidney and pulmonary disease. Goal of the present study was testing the capacity of subcutaneously administered cAng-(1-7) to induce rehabilitation of animal performance in the transient middle cerebral artery occlusion rat model of cerebral stroke. 24 h after ischemic stroke induction, cAng-(1-7) was administered for 28 days at a dose of 500 μg/kg/day, either daily via subcutaneous injection or continuously via an alzet pump. Both ways of administration of cAng-(1-7) were equally effective. Measurements were continued until day 50. Compared to vehicle, cAng-(1-7) clearly demonstrated significantly increased capillary density (p < 0.01) in the affected hemisphere and improved motor and somatosensory functioning. The modified neurological severity score (p < 0.001 at days 15 and 50), stepping test (p < 0.001 at days 36-50), forelimb placement test (p < 0.001 at day 50), body swing test (p < 0.001 at days 43 and 50) all demonstrated that cAng-(1-7) caused significantly improved animal performance. Taken together the data convincingly indicate rehabilitating capacity of subcutaneously injected cAng-(1-7) in cerebral ischemic stroke.
Keywords: Angiotensin-(1-7); Arteries; Brain; Endothelium; Lanthionine; Lanthipeptide.
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