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, 72, 109-114

Usefulness of Laparoscopic Posterior Rectopexy for Complete Rectal Prolapse: A Cohort Study


Usefulness of Laparoscopic Posterior Rectopexy for Complete Rectal Prolapse: A Cohort Study

Hiroki Hashida et al. Int J Surg.


Background: Transabdominal rectopexy for complete rectal prolapse reportedly yields more definitive results than transperineal surgery. Recently, minimally invasive laparoscopic rectopexy has become a popular treatment option for patients with rectal prolapse. Herein, we describe our surgical procedure for correction of rectal prolapse. We further aimed to perform a comparative assessment between perioperative outcomes achieved with open and laparoscopic applications of this technique.

Materials and methods: In this cohort study, 65 patients underwent posterior rectopexy (laparoscopic, 50; open, 15) between April 2008 and December 2015. The basic procedure consisted of posterior rectopexy using mesh fixation (modified Wells' method). We assessed and compared perioperative outcomes (duration of surgery and hospitalization, complication rates, blood-loss, degree of fecal incontinence) of laparoscopic and open rectopexy. Furthermore, pre- and post-operative urinary incontinence was measured (using pad test, questionnaire) and compared to determine the effects of the procedure on pelvic organ function. A p-value <0.05 indicated statistical significance.

Results: The mean operative time of the laparoscopic and open procedures was 127 and 83.6 min, respectively. The amount of blood-loss was negligible and 77 (range, 18-200) g with the laparoscopic and open approaches, respectively. The mean duration of hospitalization was 4.2 and 7.2 days for the former and latter procedures, respectively (p < 0.05). Rectal prolapse and fecal incontinence (evaluated using Wexner's score) diminished in all patients. Urinary incontinence also decreased postoperatively. There were no recurrences of rectal prolapse.

Conclusion: Laparoscopic rectopexy can be safely performed in older patients to achieve early postoperative ambulation and significantly shorten the hospital-stay. It may therefore be considered an effective treatment for complete rectal prolapse and urinary dysfunction.

Keywords: Fecal incontinence; Laparoscopy; Rectal prolapse; Rectopexy; Urinary incontinence.

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