Purpose: Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard of care for children requiring surgical treatment of severe colitis or polyposis syndromes. This study aims is to investigate the sexual function and fertility in women after undergoing childhood IPAA.
Methods: A prospectively maintained colon and rectal database of consenting patients was queried from January 1980 to October 2015. We included all females that replied to at least 1 survey between the ages of 20 and 45 years that had undergone IPAA younger than 20 years of age.
Results: Two hundred females met inclusion criteria, whereas 149 women replied to the sexual function questions. Ulcerative colitis was diagnosed in 122 (83%) patients, with the remainder having polyposis. Seven patients had a laparoscopic proctectomy. Only 2 patients had a pelvic infection, whereas 21 had intestinal obstruction postoperatively. A severely restricted sex life was reported in 6 (5%) patients. Of the 93 (62%) women who attempted pregnancy, 68 (73%) became pregnant. Median age of pregnancy and IPAA was 34 (range 22-45) and 17 years (range 9-20), respectively. Medical intervention to assist fertilization was required in 14/68. A total of 29 women reported problems during pregnancy with 58/68 (88%) giving birth to a live baby. Elective termination was reported in 2/68 surveys. Vaginal delivery occurred in 26/58 mothers with 27/58 planned and 9/58 unplanned cesarean sections. Age at IPAA, diagnosis, procedure type, pelvic infection, and obstruction were not associated with decreased fertility. All 7 patients operated laparoscopically have become pregnant. Change in pouch function after delivery was reported in 20/68 (32%, 5 missing) surveys.
Conclusions: 73% of women who desired children become pregnant, and 88% had a successful delivery after pediatric IPAA. Only 5% reported severely restricted sexual function. Changes in pouch function occurred with pregnancy and persisted in 1/3 after delivery. Minimally invasive techniques may improve fertility rates but equire continued follow-up.
Level of evidence: Level IV.
Type of study: Observational study.
Keywords: Fertility; Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis; Quality of life; Sexual function.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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