Oxidative stress is associated with neuronal damage in many brain regions including the hippocampus; an area in the brain responsible of memory processing. Oxidative stress is also linked with many psychiatric conditions including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is triggered by traumatic experience and many PTSD patients show signs of memory impairment. Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties. Herein, we hypothesized that memory impairment observed during PTSD could be a result of oxidative stress in hippocampal tissues and that prophylactic vitamin C administration may reduce oxidative stress in the hippocampus and prevent memory impairment. The above hypothesis was tested in a rat model where PTSD-like behavior was induced through single prolonged stress (SPS). Short and long-term memory was tested using a radial arm water maze (RAWM). We found that SPS induced a significant increase in the oxidized glutathione levels of the hippocampus. This reduction was accompanied with a significant decrease in glutathione peroxidase and catalase enzyme activity, and a significant increase in lipid peroxidation. Intriguingly, vitamin C administration successfully attenuated memory impairment and all of the changes observed in oxidative stress markers. Our findings demonstrate that vitamin C could prevent oxidative stress and memory impairment induced by SPS model of PTSD-like behavior in rat.
Keywords: Maze; Memory; Oxidative stress; PTSD; Single prolonged stress; Vitamin C.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.