Evaluation of the relationship between sexual functions and depressive symptoms among pregnant patients during the second trimester

Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2019 Dec;300(6):1813-1819. doi: 10.1007/s00404-019-05367-7. Epub 2019 Nov 11.


Purpose: Pregnancy is a process during which anatomical, physiological, and emotional changes occur. During this process, the sex lives of couples can be affected. Possible depressive symptoms and female sexual dysfunction can affect the relationship between partners, pregnancy-delivery process, and as a result, the newborn. The objective in the present study was to evaluate the relationship of female sexuality during pregnancy with sociodemographic parameters and depressive symptoms.

Methods: 150 pregnant women during the second trimester of their pregnancy and age-matched 150 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Sociodemographic data were recorded. "Female Sexual Function Index" (FSFI) was used to evaluate sexual functions and "Beck Depression Inventory" (BDI) was used to evaluate depressive symptoms. The data were analysed using SPSS 23 statistical software. The results were interpreted with "Independent Samples t Test", Spearman's Rho correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U analysis and Chi-square test, and a p value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: It was detected that FSFI score of the pregnant group was lower compared to that of the non-pregnant group (16.953 ± 8.24; p = 0.000). There was no difference between the groups in terms of BDI scores (p = 0.100). There was no relationship between the FSFI score and the BDI score in the pregnant group (r = - 0.087; p = 0.144).

Conclusion: It was found that female sexual dysfunction occurs in pregnant women, depressive symptoms remained unchanged when compared to non-pregnant women and sexual functions remain unaffected.

Keywords: Depression; Pregnancy; Sexual function.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Depression / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Second*
  • Pregnant Women / psychology*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Sexuality / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires