The Association Between Men's Heath Behaviors and Interest in Workplace Health Promotion

Workplace Health Saf. 2020 May;68(5):226-235. doi: 10.1177/2165079919885957. Epub 2019 Nov 13.


Background: Predictors of men's health behaviors and interest in workplace health promotion are not well known. The aim of this study was to describe men's interest in workplace health promotion and associated health behaviors. Method: Male employees (N = 781) at six workplaces in British Columbia, Canada, were invited to complete a survey of their health behaviors, demographics, and interest in health promotion prior to implementation of a workplace health program. Findings: A total of 227 male employees (Mage = 43.6 years; SD = 12.1) completed the survey (response rate = 29%). Regarding health behaviors, 62.1% reported 150 weekly minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), 29.3% consumed 5+ servings of fruit/vegetables per day, 56.8% reported 7+ hours sleep/night, 14.4% smoked, and 81.3% consumed alcohol. Men spent 50% of their workday sitting, and higher body mass index (BMI), higher income, and greater hours worked were related to greater hours sitting. Age was inversely related to MVPA. Alcohol consumption was lower among men who were older, had higher income, and worked fewer hours. Most men were interested in being physically active (85%), managing stress (85%), eating healthy (89%), and cancer screening (91%). Higher stage of change for physical activity (β = .20, p = .003) and fruit/vegetable consumption (β = .18, p = .027) were related to interest in these activities. Conclusions/Application to Practice: Occupational health providers should consider worker demographics and could support interventions that target individuals with varying levels of health behaviors given the importance of meeting the needs of often sedentary workers.

Keywords: gender; health behavior; health promotion; men’s health; occupational health.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • British Columbia
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet, Healthy / statistics & numerical data
  • Exercise
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Men's Health / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workplace*