Preferences for Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Service Delivery Among Female Sex Workers in Malawi: A Discrete Choice Experiment

AIDS Behav. 2020 May;24(5):1294-1303. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02705-3.


Female sex workers (FSW) in Malawi have among the highest HIV prevalence estimates worldwide. Daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective HIV prevention method, yet preferences for PrEP delivery among FSW are lacking. Eight focus group discussions, a literature review, and cognitive interviews were conducted to identify modifiable PrEP delivery attributes and inform discrete-choice experiment (DCE) development for FSW in Lilongwe. Enrolled FSW received an interviewer-assisted DCE. Data were analyzed using mixed logit regression. Dispensing location was most preferred, followed by the provision of additional services. Women preferred receiving PrEP at family planning clinics or non-governmental organization run drop-in centers. Cervical cancer screening was the most preferred additional service, while pregnancy testing and partner risk reduction counseling were less valued. This study was the first study to examine PrEP delivery preferences in Malawi using DCE-a powerful elicitation tool to apply to other key populations at risk for HIV.

Keywords: Africa; Pre-exposure prophylaxis; Sex workers; Women.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities
  • Anti-HIV Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Choice Behavior*
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Malawi
  • Male
  • Patient Preference*
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis / methods*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Sex Workers / psychology*
  • Sexual Partners
  • Young Adult


  • Anti-HIV Agents