Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Filters applied. Clear all
[Online ahead of print]

Sleep Disturbances in Youth At-Risk for Serious Mental Illness

Affiliations

Sleep Disturbances in Youth At-Risk for Serious Mental Illness

Jacqueline Stowkowy et al. Early Interv Psychiatry.

Abstract

Aim: To investigate sleep behaviours of youth at-risk for serious mental illness (SMI).

Methods: This study included 243 youth, ages 12 to 25:42 healthy controls, 41 asymptomatic youth at-risk for mental illness (stage 0); 53 help-seeking youth experiencing distress (stage 1a) and 107 youth with attenuated syndromes (stage 1b). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to assess sleep dysfunction.

Results: Stage 1b individuals indicated the greatest deficit in global sleep dysfunction (F = 26.18, P < .0001). Stages 1a and 1b reported significantly worse subjective sleep quality, a longer sleep latency, increased use of sleep medications as well as greater daytime dysfunction compared to the asymptomatic groups.

Conclusion: Research investigating sleep behaviours of youth considered to be at-risk for SMI is limited. This study provides early evidence that sleep disturbances are worse for individuals considered to be at higher risk of illness development.

Keywords: clinical high risk; depression; psychosis; serious mental illness; sleep.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

References

REFERENCES

    1. Addington, J., Cadenhead, K. S., Cornblatt, B. A., Mathalon, D. H., Mcglashan, T. H., Perkins, D. O., … Cannon, T. D. (2012). North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study (NAPLS 2): Overview and recruitment. Schizophrenia Research, 142(1-3), 77-82.
    1. Addington, J., Goldstein, B. I., Wang, J. L., Kennedy, S. H., Bray, S., Lebel, C., … MacQueen, G. (2018). Youth at-risk for serious mental illness: Methods of the PROCAN study. BMC Psychiatry, 18, 219-228.
    1. Addington, J., Liu, L., Goldstein, B., Wang, J., Kennedy, S., Bray, S., … MacQueen, G. (2019). Clinical staging for youth at-risk for serious mental illness. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 22, 2019.
    1. Alvaro, P. K., Roberts, R. M., & Harris, J. K. (2013). A systematic review assessing bidirectionality between sleep disturbances, anxiety, and depression. Sleep, 36(7), 1059-1068.
    1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback