Background: Psoriasis is the prime example of psoriasiform tissue pattern and should be differentiated from other psoriasiform dermatoses both clinically and histopathologically.
Aim: To evaluate immunohistochemical expression of P53, Ki-67, and CD34 in psoriasis and psoriasiform dermatitis for diagnostic purposes.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed on the paraffin blocks of 60 psoriasis and 31 psoriasiform dermatitis patients between 2014 and 2017. The selected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from each biopsy specimen were cut into 4-micron sections. Initial sections were stained by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Primary antihuman antibodies against P53, Ki-67, and CD34 were applied. Positive control samples for biomarkers were received from former strongly positive samples of papillary endothelial hyperplasia, high grade lymphoma, and breast ductal carcinoma for CD34, Ki-67, and P53, respectively.
Results: Out of 60 psoriasis patients, 56.7% were men, with the mean age of 36.8 years. From 31 psoriasiform patients, 45.2% were men, with the mean age of 37.5 years. Both groups were matched in terms of sex and age. The mean staining of three markers was more significant in psoriasiform dermatitis than psoriasis.
Conclusion: In spite of some other researches, the present study showed expression of P53, Ki-67, and CD34 biomarkers were significantly higher in psoriasiform dermatitis than psoriasis.
Keywords: Dermatitis; Immunohistochemistry; Psoriasis.
© Author(s) 2019. This article is published with open access by China Medical University.