The most enthralling and versatile class of drugs called the Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) showed its therapeutic utility in inflammation, beginning from the era of classic drug 'Aspirin'. NSAIDs and their well-established action based on inhibiting the COX-1 and COX-2 enzyme leads to blockage of prostaglandin pathway. They further categorized into first generation (non-selective inhibitor) and second generation (selective COX-2 inhibitors). Selective COX-2 inhibitors has advantage over non-selective in terms of their improved safety profile of gastro-intestinal tract. Rejuvenating and recent avenues for COXIBS (selective COX-2 inhibitors) explains its integrated role in identification of biochemical pain signaling as well as its pivotal key role in cancer chemotherapy. A key role player in this class is the Celecoxib (only FDA approved COXIB) a member of Biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS) II. Low solubility and bioavailability issues related with celecoxib lead to the development and advancement in the discovery and research of some possible formulation administered either orally, topically or via transdermal route. This review article intent to draw the bead on Celecoxib and it clearly explain extensive knowledge of its disposition profile, its dynamic role in cancer at cellular level and cardiovascular risk assessment. Some of the possible formulations approaches with celecoxib and its improvement aspects are also briefly discussed.
Keywords: Antineoplastic action; Cardiovascular risk; Celecoxib disposition; Formulation approaches; Pain signaling.
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